MotorCities National Heritage Area
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2023

EDITOR’S NOTE: Today, we begin Black History Month by sharing an interview recently conducted by Brian Yopp, MotorCities’ Deputy Director, with Crystal Windham, Executive Director of Global Industrial Design.

Crystal Windham headshotCrystal Windham (General Motors)

Windham first joined GM in 1994 to design vehicle interiors. Her assignments included multiple vehicle brands, as well as special project work abroad. She became the director of Cadillac Interior Design in January 2016.

Now in her current position, Windham is shaping a Lunar Rover that will eventually travel to the moon and is the first designer to tackle such a project in 50 years.

Crystal Windham resized

Among her accolades, Windham became the first African-American female director in GM Design’s history in 2008 and spearheaded several award-winning interiors, including the 2016 Chevrolet Malibu and 2014 Chevrolet Impala.

In addition, Windham encourages students to consider higher education and careers in art and design through GM Design’s You Make a Difference program. Her awards include Urban Wheel Designer of the Year, the Emerging Leader Award from the Rainbow PUSH Coalition, Automotive News 100 Leading Women in the North American Auto Industry, and a Lifetime Achievement Award in 2022 from the Ajamu Group’s 11th Annual Multicultural Media Luncheon.

Crystal Windham Brian resizedCrystal Windham with Brian Yopp of MotorCities (General Motors)

Windham holds an industrial design degree from the College for Creative Studies (CCS), an MBA from the University of Detroit-Mercy and is a member of the school’s MBA alumni board.

You can watch the interview here.

By Robert Tate, Automotive Historian and Researcher
Images Courtesy of the Ford Motor Company Archives & Roy O’ Brien Ford
Published 1.25.2023

New Ford models being delivered after WWII Ford Motor Co Archives RESIZED 5 

Henry Ford built his first automobile in 1896, known as the Quadricycle. This started his great journey and created a chapter in automotive history recognized by people worldwide.

In 1913, Ford started to manufacture Model Ts after perfecting a moving assembly line that created many jobs for American workers and put America on wheels. This is a brief look at how one of the largest automakers created and sold Ford vehicles through dealerships for more than a hundred years. 1903 Ford Model A with Edsel Ford II and William Clay Ford Sr and Jr Ford Motor Co Archives RESIZED 11903 Ford Model A with Edsel Ford II, William Clay Ford Jr and William Clay Ford Sr (Ford Motor Co Archives)

The first Ford dealership was opened on January 15, 1903 by William L. Hughson in San Francisco, California and was very successful. In 1903, Ford was selling the original Model A. Within their first three and one-half months of operations, Ford Motor Company made a profit of $36,957 thanks to the popularity of the Model A. In November 1903, Henry Ford was elected as vice president of the Ford Motor Company.

A Ford Model T ad Ford Motor Co Archives 2A Ford Model T ad (Ford Motor Co Archives)

As the great success of Ford Motor Company would continue, the number of dealerships also grew. Many automotive historians have said that the introduction of the Model T beginning in 1908 and its explosive sales helped Ford expand its dealership network across America. Over its product life, the “Tin Lizzie” sold more than 15 million units.

A Ford dealership 1930s Ford Motor Co Archives 3A Ford dealership, 1930s (Ford Motor Co Archives) 

By the 1930s, Ford dealerships would undergo more changes and offer more great product options for the driving public. During the Great Depression in 1932, Ford introduced its first automobile with a V8 engine. Selling a new car during that era was no easy task because of the “Great Depression” that took in place in our country with the loss of so many jobs.  When Ford announced the price for the new V-8 models, the public was pleased to hear that they could afford the cost, which was only $10 more than their four-cylinder cars. This announcement inspired many to rush to Ford dealerships to purchase the 1932 V8s, the most popular of which was the Deluxe Tudor at a price of $550.

A Ford dealership 1939 40 Ford Motor Co Archives RESIZED 4A Ford dealership 1939-40 (Ford Motor Co Archives)

When America entered World War II, Ford Motor Company shifted production to assemble military vehicles and aircraft. After the war ended, Ford and their dealerships, like every other American automaker, had a difficult time selling new vehicles because of a shortage of assembly components.

On February 5, 1947, Jack Davis, Ford’s vice-president in charge of sales and advertising, gave a talk to their dealers, saying: “The phenomenal growth of Ford Motor company is one of the most outstanding achievements of industrial developments in world history.”

Roy OBrien Ford 1946 Roy OBrien Archives RESIZED 6Roy O'Brien Ford, 1946 (Roy O'Brien Ford)

In 1949, Ford Motor Company celebrated the new styling on its line of new models. The sleek, slab-sided 1949 Fords became a huge success and generated huge profits. Dealerships could not keep up with demand.

The 1950s and 1960s saw more successes at Ford dealerships across the country because of great looking iconic models like the 1955 Ford Thunderbird and the Mustang, introduced in 1964.

Roy OBrien Ford promoting the Mustang 7A Roy O'Brien Ford ad promoting the Mustang

In Michigan, popular early Ford dealerships included Stark Hickey Ford, (located on Grand River) Al Long Ford, and Roy O’Brien Ford. Roy O’Brien opened for business on March 14, 1946, with an investment of $50,000 and ten employees. During the early 1960s, as a young kid, I would run to the television set to see and hear the Roy O’ Brien Ford commercial with its distinctive jingle: “Stay on the right track, to 9 Mile & Mack.” This dealership commercial was very popular and is still remembered today.

Roy OBrien Ford 2013 ad 8A Roy O'Brien Ford 2013 ad 

In conclusion, Ford dealerships have long been a part of American automotive history and are still evolving to serve generations to come.   

Bibliography

Krigsman, Amy. “History of the Ford Dealership in America.” Ford Car Life Nation, January 13, 2018.

Dammann, George H. “Illustrated History of Ford.” Crestline Publishing, 1970.

Sorensen, Lorin. “The American Ford.” Silverado Publishing, 1975.

 

By Robert Tate, Automotive Historian and Researcher
Images Courtesy of GM Media Archives and Mecum Auto Auctions
Published 1.18.2023

By Robert Tate, Automotive Historian and Researcher
Images Courtesy of Ford Motor Company Archives
Published 1.11.2023

By Robert Tate, Automotive Historian and Researcher
Images Courtesy of GM Heritage Archive, Newport Car Museum, Wallup.net
Published 1.4.2023